Position on Community Forestry
G3 as part of the UNFF major groups presented a paper on Community Forestry during UNFF 9 in New York January/February 2011.
The community forestry used Nepal as an example of successful Community Forestry Programs. The full title of the paper was: “Discussion paper on the Community Forestry Programme in Nepal: an example of excellence in community-based forest management”.
Summary of the paper:
There is growing evidence that transferring authority and responsibility for
sustainable forest management to communities leads to both a significant reduction
in poverty and improved forest conditions. The Community Forestry Programme of
Nepal is a leading example of the achievements and continuing challenges of
community-based forest management. By 2009, one third of the population of Nepal
was directly participating in the management of over one quarter of Nepal’s forest
area. Significant benefits have flowed from this large-scale mobilization of the rural
population of Nepal, including improvements in livelihoods, expanded forest areas,
the conservation of biodiversity, and the participation of women. New issues are
emerging, such as the need to develop appropriate support services for the
development of forest-based community enterprises and to strengthen tenure
arrangements to ensure the effective implementation of reducing emissions from
deforestation and forest degradation. As interest in community-based forest
management grows in many parts of the world, the experience of the Government
and rural communities of Nepal provides a valuable guide.